In its May 5 report on the number of
COVID-19 forbearance plans in effect, Black Knight said the rate of new plans
had slowed, but speculated they could pick up again as the May mortgage payments
came due. As of May 12, that had not happened. The company reports that the
number of plans had increased from a revised 4.5 million to 4.7 million.
That increase, a net of just under 26,000
new plans per day, is a substantial reduction of more than 85 percent of the daily
rate in early April. However, as most mortgage documents allow a 15-day grace
period before a mortgage is marked as past due and a late fee assessed, borrowers
still had a few days remaining at the end of the reporting period to request
forbearance before any penalty kicked in.
Black Knight used a momentum-based
approach based on the one-week average and assuming an optimistic 10 percent
daily decline moving forward. It concluded there would be 4.9 million forborne loans
by the end of May, 9.2 percent of active mortgages, and just under 5 million or
9.4 percent by the end of June.
A more pessimistic scenario assumes
that the current pace continues until mid-June and then a 10 percent daily slowdown
begins. This could result in up to 5.4 million loans in forbearance by the end
of May and 6.3 million by the end of June; 10.1 percent and 11.8 percent
respectively of all mortgages being serviced.
The number of forbearance plans reported
this week represents 8.8 percent of all active mortgages and more than $1
trillion in unpaid principal. Some 7% of all GSE-backed loans and 12.4% of all
FHA/VA loans are currently in forbearance plans.
Given the current number of loans with
approved plans, servicers are obligated to advance an aggregate of $3.6 billion
in principal and interest (P&I) payments to investors in government
guaranteed mortgage backed securities associated with these loans and another
$2.1 billion in payments for property taxes and insurance premiums (T&I). They
could also have an additional $2.8 billion in advance P&I and T&I payments
for loans they are servicing for others.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA)
has said that P&I advance payments will be capped at four months for
servicers of GSE-backed mortgages. Given today’s number of loans in forbearance,
servicers of GSE-backed loans face $8.8 billion in advances over that